Acid Raid Essay Research Paper Acid RainAcid

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Acid Raid Essay, Research Paper Acid Rain Acid rain is a serious problem that creates disastrous effects. Each day this serious problem increases. Many people believe that this issue is too small to deal with right now — they’re wrong. This issue should be met head on, and solved before it is too late. In the following paragraphs I will be discussing the impact acid rain has on the wildlife and how our atmosphere is being destroyed. Acid rain is a cancer — eating into the face of Eastern Canada and the North Eastern United States. In Canada, the main sulfuric acid sources are non-ferrous smelters and power generation. On both sides of the border, cars and trucks are the main sources for nitric acid (about 40% of the total), while power generating plants and industrial

commercial and residential fuel combustion contribute most of the rest. In the atmosphere, the sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides can be transformed into sulfuric acid and nitric acid, and air currents can send them thousands of kilometers from the source. When the acids fall to the earth, no matter what form they take, it will have a large impact on the growth and the preservation of certain wildlife. Areas in Ontario, mainly southern regions that are near the Great Lakes, which have such substances such as limestone or other known antacids can neutralize acids entering the body of water thereby protecting it. However, large areas of Ontario that are near the Pre-Cambrian Shield, with quartzite or granite based geology and little top soil, do not have enough buffering capacity

to neutralize even small amounts of acid falling on the soil and the lakes. Therefore, over time, the basic environment shifts from an alkaline to an acidic one. One serious effect is that fish cannot live in acidic conditions. This is why many lakes in the Muskoka, Haliburton, Algonquin, Parry Sound and Manitoulin districts could lose their fisheries if sulfur emissions are not reduced substantially. The average mean of pH rainfall in Ontario’s Muskoka-Haliburton lake country ranges between 3.95 and 4.38, which is about 40 times more acidic than normal rainfall. Storms in Pennsylvania have an average rainfall pH at 2.8, which almost have the same rating for vinegar. Already 140 Ontario lakes are completely dead or dying. An additional 48,000 are sensitive and vulnerable to

acid rain due to the surrounding concentrated acidic soils. Canada does not have as many people, power plants or automobiles as the United States, and yet acid rain there has become so severe that Canadian government officials called it the most pressing environmental issue facing the nation. It is important to bear in mind that acid rain is only one segment of the widespread pollution of the atmosphere facing the world. Each year the global atmosphere is on the receiving end of 20 billion tons of carbon dioxide, 130 million tons of suffer dioxide, 97 million tons of hydrocarbons, 53 million tons of nitrogen oxides, more than three million tons of arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury, nickel, zinc and other toxic metals, and a host of synthetic organic compounds ranging from

polychlorinated biphenyl’s (PCBs), to toxaphene and other pesticides — a number of which may be capable of causing cancer, birth defects, or genetic imbalances. Interactions of pollutants can cause problems. In addition to contributing to acid rain, nitrogen oxides can react with hydrocarbons to produce ozone, a major air pollutant responsible in the United States for annual losses of $2 billion to 4.5 billion worth of wheat, corn, soybeans, and peanuts. In Canada, Ontario has lost fish in an estimated 4,000 lakes, and provincial authorities calculate that Ontario stands to lose fish in 48,500 more lakes within the next twenty years if acid rain continues at the present rate. However, Ontario is not alone. On Nova Scotia’s Eastern most shores, almost every river flowing to