Accommodation in St.Petersburg

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South Urel State University «Accommodation in St.Petersburg» Ivanishina. A.N Group S-251 Adviser: Chelyabinsk 2007 Annotation Ivanova R.P. Accommodations in Saint Petersburg. Chelyabinsk. -SUSU. -2007. p. –48. The first part of my course paper is about tourism in St.Petersburg. The second part is about accommodations in St.Petersburg. Bibl. – 6 calls. Plan INTRODUCTION 1.SAINT-PETERSBURG LIKE THE CENTRE OF TOURISM 2. ACCOMMODATIONS IN SAINT-PETERSBURG 2.1 The Grand Hotel Emerald 2.2Grand Hotel Europe 2.3 The Astoria Hotel 2.4 Radisson SAS Royal Hotel 2.5 Corinthia Nevskij Palace Hotel 2.6 AngleterreHotel 2.7 Arbat-Nord Hotel 2.8 The Deson-Ladoga Hotel 2.9Saint-Petersburg Hotel 2.10 Hotel Moscow 2.11 Nautilus Inn LITERATURE

INTRODUCTION Petersburg was founded by Peter the Great, in 1703, but many years before the bank of the Neva River attracted the Swedes and Slaves. In 1240 , on the place which in nova days is a part of town, the Swedish crusaders were defeated by Prince Alexander Jaroslavitch . From that battle the Prince has got the title Alexander Nevskiy. Later on he was canonized by the Orthodoxy church and became a Sky patron of the town. The defeat in 1240 did not stop Swedes and close to the place where the Ohtensky bridge is located in nova days, they have built up the fortress Landscrona. At the same year the Novgorodians had occupied and destroyed this fortress. On the same place, in 1611 the Swedes have founded the fortress again which got the new name Nienschanz ( New fortress). Under

protection of the fortress walls the new town Nien has grown up, where lived Swedes, Germans and Dutch craftsmen and merchants. On the other side of the river Neva was Russian village Spasskoe. Peter the First has occupied Nienschanz and founded on the Hare's island, in delta of the Neva river, the fortress and named its Sankt-Petersburch. Later this name was given to the town, and the fortress has got new name "Peter and Paul". Affirmed on those lands, Peter the First commenced to build up the town intensively and transferred his Capital to there. Under tsar Peter odder many craftsmen have been delivered to St. Peterburch from whole Russia The new stage in St. Petersburg's history came during the ruling time of Catherine the Great. Ivan Starov, Kokorinov, Vallen de

lamothe, Antonio Rinaldi, Charles Kameron, Jacomo Quarenghi, Yuri Felten and other architects worked in that time. The Russian Academy of science and Academy of art has blossomed in that time. The court of Catherine invited best musicians from Italy, Spain and Germany. The Catherine's court composer was world famous Spanish composer Martin de Solera and conductor of Court's Vocal Capella - Maksim Beresovskiy got the title of Memeber of Bologne Philharmonic's Academy. The Catherine the Great, German by origin could understand the interests of Russia. Some innovations improve the economy and broad-mind (width interest) of Catherine the Great made St. Petersburg one of the Cultural Capital of the Europe. Catherine corresponded with French encyclopedia writers and Alexander Humbold.

Under her invitation St. Petersburg has visited philosopher Didro and Moris Etjen Falcone made the Bronze horseman of the Peter the First. She not only managed economy and politic but also wrote stories, memoirs and even libretto of the opera. Under her odder Jacomo Kvarengi has built a special Hermitage's theater. The last years ruled by Nikolay I coincide with a period of changes the architectural style from classicism to eclecticism. The last accord of the classicism style in architecture was Alexander Column and St. Isaac's cathedral (architect Monpherran), cathedrals and triumph arc of architect Stasov. The reforms of Alexander II which gave the freedom to the land less peasants have been preconditions of the economical growth of Russia. The new banks and stock exchanges