Abortion The Pope And Singer Essay Research

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Abortion, The Pope, And Singer Essay, Research Paper Abortion is one of the most controversial issues today. It has become a question of not only ethics, but morals. In the 1973 case of Roe v Wade the Supreme Court ruled that a woman has the right to terminate a pregnancy by abortion within the first six months of the pregnancy. However, conservative Presidents have changed the legislation enough to allow states to restrict abortion in various ways (Practical Ethics, Peter Singer). In the following paper, I will summarize the views on abortion of Pope John Paul II and philosopher, Peter Singer. These two men have very conflicting opinions about abortion. Pope John Paul II s Argument: This argument is very adamantly against abortion. It is also a religiously based argument. He

uses exerts from the Bible and other religious documents and quotes many different clergymen and priests to help defend his position. He starts by explaining how you must follow the ten commandments to live a good life and have eternal life. Jesus replied, If you would enter life, keep the commandments (Mt 19:17). The first of these ten commandments is You shall not kill . On the contrary, you should love respect and promote life (The Gospel of Life, Paul II). In order to do this, one must carry out God s plan of procreation with love and intentions to multiply. By having an abortion, one is doing the exact opposite. Not only are they killing an innocent human being, but they are killing a child of God. Also, man is not the final judge in matters such as life and death, he is

only a minister of God s plan (Humanae Vitae, Paul VI). Paul II goes on to explain how human life is sacred and inviolable . Life is sacred because it is a gift from God and man was created in the image of God. God overlooks our lives from birth to death, and no one else has the right to destroy an innocent human being, especially one as innocent as an unborn child. Man is suppose to be the defender of the innocent, not the destroyer. He explains how the man who kills the innocent is one who has been deceived by the Devil, because only Satan delights in the death of the living. You shall not kill represents the extreme limit which cannot be exceeded. It is meant to encourage man to see life with respect and lead to the promotion of life with love. Along with the teaching that one

shall not kill another, is this, as stated in the Didache, the most ancient non-biblical Christian writing: you shall not put a child to death by abortion nor kill it once it is born … The way of death is this: … they kill their children and by abortion cause God s creatures to parish … they are filled with sin. As time goes on, the Church will continue to teach the undeniable value on the first commandment. Even in the first centuries, murder was considered one of the three most serious sins. This should not come as a surprise. To kill something that was created by, and in the image of, God should be considered a serious sin. The most important case involving the first commandment of You shall not kill is when it refers to innocent human beings. This is especially so when

it refers to defenseless, weak, human beings such as an unborn child or infant. The taking of an innocent life, especially at it s beginning or end, is gravely immoral. This direct and voluntary action will always be regarded as morally evil and can never be considered as necessary, either as an end, or as means to a good end. Nothing and no none can in any way permit the killing of an innocent human being, whether a fetus or an embryo, and infant of an adult … no one is permitted to ask for this act of killing, either for him/herself or for another person entrusted to his or her care … Nor can any authority legitimately recommend or permit such an action (Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith). Every innocent human being has a right to life. Every man, woman and child