Abortion Religion Party Affiliation Essay — страница 2

  • Просмотров 488
  • Скачиваний 23
  • Размер файла 16
    Кб

My second control was gender. These responses were simply male and female. Analysis of Data Table 1 Support for Abortion by Importance of Religion: 1996 (In Percentages) ________________________________________________________________________ Importance of Religion Support for Abortion Low High Never Permitted 3.4 20.6 For Rape, Incest 19.9 38.5 If Clear Need 19.6 13.0 Always Permitted 57.1 27.9 Totals 100.0 100.0 (N) (739) (723) Source: National Science Foundation, University of Michigan, 1996 Table 1 is the original table. It shows that 20.6% of people with a high importance level of religion never permit abortion. Of the other people with a high importance level of religion, 38.5% permit it for rape or incest, 13% permit it if there is a clear health need, and 27.9% always

permit it. Of the people with a low importance level of religion, 3.4% never permit it, 19.9% permit it for rape or incest, 19.6% permit it if there is a clear health need, and 57.1% always permit it. This indicates that when religion plays a less important role, a person is more likely to support abortion. Pearson’s Chi-square equals .000. This shows that the relationship between religious importance and support for abortion is statistically significant. Kendall’s tau-c equals -.405. This shows that there is a negative relationship between the two variables and that relationship is statistically significant. Table 2 Support for Abortion by Importance of Religion Among Democrats: 1996 (In Percentages) Importance of Religion Democrats Support for Abortion Low High Never

Permitted 2.3 19.0 For Rape, Incest 16.3 32.3 If Clear Need 19.6 13.6 Always Permitted 61.8 35.1 Totals 100.0 100.0 (N) 387 368 Source: National Science Foundation, University of Michigan, 1996 This table shows the relationship between the importance of religion and support for abortion among democrats. 19% of Democrats with a high importance level of religion never permit abortion; 32.3% permit it for rape or incest, 13.6% support it if there is a clear health need and 35.1% always permit it. Only 2.3% of Democrats with a low importance level of religion never permit abortion; 16.3% permit it in the case of rape or incest; 19.6% support it if there is a clear health need; and 61.8% always permit it. Both Pearson’s chi-square and Kendall’s tau-c show that there is a

statistical significance level. These results indicate that when compared to the original table, the biggest effect of this control variable comes when asked whether or not the person always supports abortion. Democrats are more likely to always permit abortion. Table 3 Support for Abortion by Importance of Religion Among Independents: 1996 (In Percentages) Importance of Religion Independents Support for Abortion Low High Never Permitted 3.4 16.7 For Rape, Incest 15.5 37.0 If Clear Need 17.2 24.1 Always Permitted 63.8 22.2 Totals 100.0 100.0 (N) 58 54 Source: National Science Foundation, University of Michigan, 1996 Both Pearson’s chi-square and Kendall’s tau-c indicate that there is a significant statistical level in the variables. This data shows that 16.7% of independents

with a high importance level of religion never permit abortion; 37% permit it in cases of rape or incest; 24.1% support it if there is a clear health need; and 22.2% always permit it. When independents with a low importance level of religion were asked their opinion of abortion: 3.4% never permitted it; 15.5% permitted in cases of rape or incest; 17.2% supported it if there was a clear health need; and 63.8% always permitted it. When compared to the above tables, this data indicates that again the largest percentage difference is among the response to always permitting abortion. It also shows that independents with a higher level of religious importance are more likely to permit abortion in the case of rape or incest rather than always permitting it. Table 4 Support for Abortion

by Importance of Religion Among Republicans (In Percentages) Importance of Religion Republicans Support for Abortion Low High Never Permitted 4.8 22.3 For Rape, Incest 25.8 47.1 If Clear Need 20.3 10.7 Always Permitted 49.1 19.9 Totals 100.0 100.0 (N) 291 291 Source: National Science Foundation, University of Michigan, 1996 Both Pearson’s chi-square and Kendall’s’ tau-c indicate that there is a statistical significance among the variables. This table shows that 22.3% of Republicans with a high importance level of religion never permit abortion; 47.1% permit it in the case of rape or incest; 10.7% permit it if there is a clear health need; and 0nly 19.9% always permit it. This table also shows that 4.8% of Republicans with a low importance level of religion never permit