Abortion Religion Party Affiliation Essay
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Abortion / Religion / Party Affiliation Essay, Research Paper Hypothesis and Theory There is a negative relationship between support for abortion and the importance of religion, while controlling party affiliation. Among males, there is a negative relationship between support for abortion and the importance of religion. Among females, there is a negative relationship between support for abortion and the importance of religion. A person’s religious background greatly influences whether or not they support abortion. When religion plays an important role in someone’s life, they are less likely to support abortion. Most religions strongly disapprove of the taking of someone’s life. They consider it one of the highest sins a human can commit. They believe that abortion is considered murder because even a fetus has a spirit so it shall be considered a living human. When religion plays a less important role in a person’s life, they are more likely to support abortion. These people are more likely to consider reasons for the abortion rather than never permitting it. These people tend to look at the women and why she is requesting the abortion. They are less likely to consider a fetus a living being until it is born. The first hypothesis indicates that the higher the importance of religion is to a person the less supportive they would be of abortion, with regards to that persons political party affiliation. The party in which a person identifies with will have a direct effect on the link between support for abortion and the importance of religion. Political parties, as well as a persons religious background, play a major role in attitudes towards different issues. By nature, democrats are more likely to approve abortion than republicans. A person’s religious background usually has an effect on which party they associate themselves with. Therefore, there must be a link between a person’s party affiliation, religious background, and their support of abortion. The second and third hypotheses indicate that gender has an effect on support for abortion based on their religious beliefs. I believe that men are less likely to approve abortion than women because of the women’s’ movement that has been going on for years. Many women are more apt to approve of the idea of pro-choice. They want to decide what is best for them, not some politician in Washington, D.C. A 90’s women is more independent than say a 50’s women. They are battling for women’s rights. Abortion is a very controversial issue which directly effects women’s rights. I believe that men are less likely to support women’s rights because it will take power away from them. Most of our government positions are held by men. By giving the decision of abortion to women, it is taking away more of their power over us. Operationalization In order to test my hypotheses, I chose two variables and two controls. My dependent variable was support for abortion. This variable was based on four responses: never permitted, for rape or incest, if there was a clear health need, and always permitted. My independent variable was importance of religion. Originally, this variable contained four scaled responses: high, 3, 2, and low. In order to receive more obvious results, I recoded the responses into to categories. The high consists of high and 3. The low consists of low and 2. My first control variable was party affiliation. Originally, this consisted of seven responses: strong democrat, weak democrat, independent democrat, independent, independent republican, weak republican, and strong republican. In order to receive more accurate results, I recoded them down to three responses. Strong democrats, weak democrats and independent democrats were recoded to democrats. The independent response stayed the same. Finally, the independent republicans, weak republicans, and the strong republicans were recoded to republicans.