Abortion One Moral Issue Essay Research Paper — страница 2

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and should be guaranteed to the right to life. Assuming that we accept the argument that because the fetus has its own genetic code, it is a human separate from the mother, and therefore it must receive the same guarantees to right of life. Some deontologists have accepted this as fact and believe the fetus must be protected as other humans are with the “right to life” mantra. Curiously, some believe there is no contradiction if these same deontologists make an exception is cases of rape. Upon further examination below, this simply cannot be considered consistent. Assuming a fetus is a human that has the right to life, why are special circumstances considered in the case or rape to excuse abortion? This is because of reasons that are mostly consequential but some

deotological. These arguments include the concerns for the mother and society. A mother would have to live with the horrid memory of a child who was brought on by rape if there was no access to abortion in her case. The child would also grow up, with this burden, perhaps functioning as a deviant person because of the lack of love and respect without caring parents. For feminists like Christine Overall, the life that a fetus may have does not have the right to infringe on the right of the mother. Obviously, this pregnancy was unwanted and forced on the woman, and as a consequence must live with the oppression of the man who raped her by suffering from the physical pain of the pregnancy, and the emotional pain of raising a child who is unwanted. Clearly, this pregnancy was forced

because of a violation of a woman?s right not to be raped. Although the woman?s right was clearly violated in the case of rape, does that give her the right to take away the fetus?s right to life, assuming it is living? The fetus is as innocent as the raped woman, forced into a situation it did not ask for. If it is indeed living, it must be protected from being aborted if we are to live by the “right to life” mantra. If there is opposition to abortion because it takes away the life of the fetus, rape cases cannot be exempted on consequential grounds. By doing this, we are opening the door to many other arguments besides rape that would excuse abortion. For example, if the rights of the women override the fetus on consequential grounds a pregnant mother may argue that she is

unable to afford to care for a child and thus conflicting not only her self-interest but also society?s as well. This would eventually turn our moral reasoning from the rights of the fetus, to the utilitarian doctrine of the greatest good for the greatest number. The rights of the fetus become irrelevant compared to the interests of society. This may be tolerable moral reasoning, but is inconsistent with deontological arguments. Thus, rape cannot be excused if abortion is opposed originally on deontological grounds of the right to life. In conclusion, one must argue a position from one moral standpoint and not be inconsistent with moral reasoning. In the case of abortion due to the circumstance of rape, one cannot argue then that a fetus as has a “right to life” but allow it

in circumstances such as rape or as this is undoubtedly inconsistent. A deontologist may not use consquentialist arguments to support the claim of this situation, however one cannot support a fetus as human or guaranteed the right to life. It is obviously contradictory for one to say that abortion is morally wrong but may be permissable as in such cases as rape , thus, giving and incosistant argument for the “right to life”. Works Cited Marquis, Don, “Why Abortion is Immoral” in Applied Ethics 2nd Edition pg: 549-556. Simon and Shuster, New Jersey, 1998. Noonan, John T, “An Almost Absolute Value in History” in Applied Ethics 2nd Edition pg: 535-548. Simon and Shuster, New Jersey, 1998. Overall, Christine “Selective Termination of Pregnancy and Women?s Reproductive

Autonomy” in Applied Ethics 2nd Edition pg: 557-556 Simon and Shuster, New Jersey, 1998. Warren, Mary Anne, “On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion” ” in Applied Ethics 2nd Edition pg: 541-548. Simon and Shuster, New Jersey, 1998. 339