Abortion Essay Research Paper What is Sex — страница 2

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relationship and interpersonal skills, and to help exercise responsibility regarding sexual relationships including abstinence pressures to have sex and the use of contraception and other sexual health.( What You Should Know) What are teens doing sexually? Half of the boys and girls in high school have had sexual intercourse by high school according to 1999 figures from the Centers for Disease Control. (Kanabus)The average age that kids first have intercourse has declined from eighteen to seventeen for girls and from seventeen to sixteen for boys. (Colwell) The percentage of girls under fifteen having sex is rising. The teenage pregnancy rate and adolescent rates of STD’s remain high. According to the Centers for Disease Control adolescents still have the highest rate of

gonorrhea and chlamydia. (Kanabus) With the growing number of teen pregnancies and teens with sexuality-transmitted diseases, sex education is needed in school. They need to be educated about the dangers of these risky practices. Who decides what is taught? Local and state laws mandate what kind of sex education can be taught. Many schools limit what the teachers can do in there classrooms. 22%of sex education teachers surveyed reported that their schools restricted their ability to answer questions. (Eisner) Talking to teens about sex is it a parents job? There is the argument that none of this belongs in schools that parents ought to be the ones to explain the birds and the bees and birth control. Talking about sex regularly with teenagers is sensitive and a difficult thing to

do.( Berlfein) That is why the messages at home need to be reinforced in school. Parents should be looking for support from the schools to help keep their children safe. (Ferguson) How parents should talk to teens Parents have worried for so long about teen pregnancy that the broader rage of sexual behaviors and problems associated with each has been virtually ignored. A survey of boys ages 15-17 shows that they think that anal and oral sex is a not risky.( Ferguson) The result of adult silence is children who are pregnant or infected with disease. Adults need to talk about love and sex with children when kids are very young with images and words that they will understand. By early adolescence kids need more serious discussions around questions they raise and questions they want

to raise but may be too afraid. If parents tell kids sexuality can be pleasurable they are more likely to listen when the same people tell them that sex can also bring intense emotional pain. (Eisner) What parents want in sex education Parents want more taught in school that is being done. They want al lest some overlap in content about birth control and refraining from sex. “Parents want their kids to be prepared for real life and they want them to have the facts and the information that they need to be prepared to face the situations they might face,” Tina Hoff More than 3/4 of parents say sex ed should cover controversial issues such as sexual orientation birth control and how to use condoms. (Eisner) 67% say sex ed should start by grades 5 or 6 but 58% say it should cover

only the basics of the 94 who say sex ed should begin by 7-8 45% say is should cover only basics while 49% say it should cover all aspects including birth control and safe sex. All parents say that by high school students need to know all aspects and 97% say sex education should be taught in high school () Most parents who want their children to abstain from sex until marriage are the same parents who want their children to learn how to use a condom (Ferguson) What teachers want in sex education? When asked what they consider their most important messages, four in 10 teachers in 1999 cited abstinence, up from one in four in 1988. Seven in 10 teachers think that students who receive education that stresses abstinence are less likely to have intercourse than students who do not.

(Stepp) At the same time, 86% think that students who are taught to use contraceptives if they are sexually active are more likely to do so than are students who do not receive similar instruction. While teachers now consider that contraception should be taught later than they did in the late 1980s, 93% still favor covering it; half believe it should be taught in grade seven or earlier. Yet one in four teachers are told not to teach the topic. (http://www.agi-usa.org) The vast majority of teachers believe that sexuality education courses should also cover where to go for birth control, factual information, and ethical issues about abortion, the correct way to use a condom and sexual orientation. However, gaps between teachers’ recommendations and actual coverage of these topics