Abortion Essay Research Paper ABORTIONThere are many
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Abortion Essay, Research Paper ABORTION There are many ways to deal with pregnancy and judging by modern standards of right and wrong many issues dealing and relating to this are heavily debated on. A woman/mother-to-be in today?s society has many choices for her and her unborn child. Of course the first would be to keep the child and raise him/her, another would be to have the child put up for adoption when he/she is born, and last an abortion. The mother or parents have to make up their minds in what is best for them and the unborn baby. This chose leads many people to their political standing, morals, and their age to make this important choice. Many do choose to keep, some are for adoption, and the rest are pro-abortion. Being pro-abortion means you understand what an abortion is, what goes on, and when it still can and is best to be done. In today?s world many people believe they know what abortion is, just a precise surgical procedure, but do they read through the lines to know what really goes on. There are many pre-abortion procedures done by the doctor to insure no complications take place during and after the abortion is preformed. A pelvic examination is done to assess the size of the uterus and the unborn child. Next, there is an interview done to determine how far along into the pregnancy the woman is by figuring out when her last menstrual cycle took place. This is important for the doctor to know so they are prepared on how to perform the procedure and how difficult it might be. Since there are different ways to perform an abortion depending on what trimester the woman is in. A current medical history is taken to identify ongoing conditions, such as asthma, epilepsy, and diabetes, which might change the way the abortion is done and or the anesthetic that is used. An abortion that is preformed early within 12 weeks of the last menstrual cycle is called a first-trimester abortion and are the safest and simplest. During the first trimester an abortion is preformed called the vacuum aspiration, sometimes called aspiration and curettage or suction curettage. The procedure is usually done with first, an injection of a local anesthetic into the cervix, this is where the uterus joins the vagina. The physician then gradually widens the numbed cervix by inserting and removing a line of narrow metal rods, each a little bigger than the one that was inserted before. This is done with a blunt-tipped end of a tube called a cannula, is inserted into the uterus the widened cervix. The other end of the cannula is attached to a small vacuum pump, and the stuff inside of the uterus is removed by the suction. After the cannula is removed a spoon looking tool, called a curette is used to clean the uterine lining and remove any tissue that might remain. The second-trimester, 13th-20th week, abortions become much more hard to do. The techinque used to perform this abortion is one similar to the vacumm aspiration called dilation and evacuation. As in a first-trimester abortuion the cervix is numbed and then dilated. The dilator, made of seaweed called laminar or hygroscopic gel, is inserted and left for several hours. The dilator absorbs the fluids and gradually expands to widen the cervix. When the dilator is taken out, the contents of the uterus are drawn out through a tube by suction. Forceps and a curette are used to take out any of the tissue from the uterus still there. Late in the second-trimester, 16th-20th week, a procedure brings about labor, so that the abortion happens through the natural process of delivery. This is usually carried out in one of two ways. The first being an instillation method. A needle is passed through the woman?s numbed stomache and into the uterus, and into the sack containing the unborn baby. This will bring about the death of the child within an hour or two. The second is inducing labor. With this a very premature stillborn baby is ?born?.