Abortion Essay Research Paper Abortion what

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Abortion Essay, Research Paper Abortion: what exactly is an abortion? It is a surgical procedure to end a pregnancy by removing the fetus and placenta from the uterus. A surgical abortion is one that is performed between six and twelve weeks into a pregnancy may be done while the woman is awake. She is given the option of being sedated by medications or of having her cervix numbed with an injection so that she is basically pain-free. A surgical abortion for a pregnancy over twelve weeks is usually done while the woman is deeply asleep and pain-free. The cervical canal is enlarged and a hollow tube is inserted into the uterus. A vacuum machine is used to remove the tissues from the uterus. Medicines such as oxytocin are given to cause the uterus muscles to contract and reduce

bleeding (?Diseases and Conditions?). There is more to an abortion than just the surgical procedure. Abortion is a source of continuous debate among women and even men. The debate is between the people who are ?pro-life? and ?pro-choice?. People who are ?pro-life? feel that abortion is murder. They believe that the unborn baby has the right to live. People who are ?pro-choice? believe that a woman should have the right to choose what she feels is right for her at that time. It is her body so she should be the one to choice. There are many questions and issues to be brought up about abortions. The first question that is often asked is why do women have abortions? Women have abortions for many different reasons. Three fourths of the women who have abortions say that having a baby

would interfere with work, school or other responsibilities (Pro-life Action); about two thirds say that they cannot afford a child (Pro-life Action); and one half say that they do not want to be a single parent or are having problems with their husband or partner Pro-life Action). About fourteen thousand women have abortions due to becoming pregnant after rape or incest (?Pro-life Action?). A second question asked is who has abortions? Fifty-two percent of women in the United States obtaining abortions are younger than twenty-five: Women aged twenty through twenty-four obtain thirty-two percent of all abortions, and teenagers obtain twenty percent. White women obtain sixty percent of all abortions; but their abortion rate is well below that of minority women. Black women are

more than three times as likely as white women to have an abortion and Hispanic women are roughly two times as likely. Women who report no religious affiliation are about four times as likely to have an abortion as women who report some affiliation. Catholic women are twenty-nine percent more likely than Protestants to have an abortion (?Pro-life Action?). A third question: when and where do women have abortions? Ninety-three percent of abortions in the United States are performed in clinics or doctors? offices. Women have abortions at all different times of pregnancy. Sixteen percent have an abortion at six weeks or less, thirty-eight percent at seven to eight weeks, twenty-three percent at nine to ten weeks, eleven percent at eleven to twelve weeks, seven percent at thirteen to

fifteen weeks, four percent at sixteen to twenty weeks, and one percent of women have an abortion at twenty-one weeks or more (?Pro-life action?). The law that legalized abortion was based on the case Roe v Wade. On January 22, 1973, the United States Supreme Court, in a seven to two decision handed down two rulings legalizing abortion in America. Prior to this ruling abortion in most of the fifty states was prohibited. The Court based its decision on the ?Right to Privacy,? which they claim is guaranteed by the United States Constitution. The principle decision repealed all state laws prohibiting abortion (?Roe and Doe?). Since the ruling of this Supreme Court decision, at least thirty-eight million abortions have been legally performed. That means that one point three million