Abortion Dilemna Essay Research Paper ABORTION All
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Abortion Dilemna Essay, Research Paper ABORTION: All sides of the issue Overview of abortion: An unsolvable dilemma? How often: In the United States, women choose to end about 25% of their pregnancies through abortion. 1 This number has been gradually declining since 1979. This is similar to the Canadian figure of 21%, 2 but is much lower than that of the former Soviet Union (60%) and Romania (78%) where contraceptives are in short supply. Opposing beliefs: A social consensus exists that when life becomes human life, that the human being must be protected. Many religions, organizations and individuals have passionately held but conflicting beliefs about when human life begins. This naturally leads to opposing policies on whether a woman should have access to abortion. In spite of what the media might say, this struggle cannot be reduced to a simple pro-choice vs. pro-life conflict. There are people within each “side” who take many slightly different positions. To most pro-lifers, life becomes human life at the instant of conception. Thus, they see an abortion clinic as the ethical equivalent of a Nazi death camp. To pro-choicers, human life begins later in gestation or at birth. They view abortion as a civil rights matter — a decision that should be left up to an informed woman and her physician. The objectives of both groups are the same: to reduce the number of abortions, and to make any needed abortions safe. However, they have very different methods of achieving their goals, and they have divergent beliefs about which abortions are justifiable. They are thus unable to cooperate. That is, in our opinion, a pity. With the energy, knowledge and ability that each side has, they could make major reductions in the abortion rate if they were able to cooperate. Status: In the U.S., the pro-life and pro-choice movements are both powerful and active. At this time, compromise appears to be impossible. In Canada, the pro-life movement has lost most of its funding and does little more than conduct candle-light vigils, and issue press releases. With the exception of news about a lone, anti-abortion, November 11th assassin, abortion rarely is discussed in the media. The country does not even have a law controlling abortions. Terminology: Various pro-life and pro-choice groups have different definitions for words such as pregnancy, human life, abortion, etc. This causes immense confusion. We will use the generally accepted medical definitions in this series of essays. There are two inconsistencies in the “pro-life” stance taken by many conservative In christians there appears to be relatively little mention of IUD’s (Intra-uterine devices). The precise mechanism by which IUDs prevent pregnancy is unknown. Some researchers believe that the IUD immobilizes sperm, preventing them from reaching the ovum; Others believe that it causes the ovum to pass through the fallopian tube so fast that it is unlikely to be fertilized Most believe that the IUD interferes with the implantation of fertilized ovum in the uterine wall. If the third property is true, then IUDs terminate the development of a fertilized ovum after conception, and cause its expulsion from the body. To a person who believes that life becomes human life at the instant of conception, there is no ethical difference between using an IUD, having a first trimester abortion, or having a partial birth abortion. Yet pro-life groups actively campaign against PBA’s, picket abortion clinics, and attempt to pass restrictive legislation limiting choice in abortion.. Some have made negative statements about IUDs. But none have, to our knowledge, picketed IUD manufacturing facilities, or sponsored anti-IUD legislation. This is surprising, because in those countries where IUDs are widely used, the number of fertilized eggs which IUDs apparently expel from women’s bodies far exceeds the number of surgical abortions.