Abelard on Universals — страница 8

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is realistic; it includes elements of both as well as a critique of both taken separately in their application to the totality of the question. Neither one by itself can deal with all cases Abelard has exposed, because it is the meaning of the words in their relationship with the classes of particulars which determines their real or only nominal usage appropriate in each case, and that is determined sometimes by the mind only and sometimes by the nature of those particulars as well. The proper usage of logic here requires great attention and care in the construction of a meaningful concept. That is why it is better to call Abelard’s solution conceptualism, and the word here signifies a combination or synthesis of realism and nominalism.   Bibliography Hyman and Walsh,

Philosophy in the Middle Ages, Hackett Publishing Co., Indianapolis/Cambridge, 1973. J. R. Weinberg, Short History of Medieval Philosophy, Princeton University Press, 1991. The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, edited by T. Honderich, Oxford University Press, 1995. Britannica,v. I , Chicago 1997. 1