A Writer Of The Lost Generation

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A Writer Of The Lost Generation : Bio Of Ernest He Essay, Research Paper English- March 19,1999 A Writer of the Lost Generation: The Biography of Ernest Hemingway Ernest Miller Hemingway (known as Papa to friends) was born July 21, 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois. High school would be the highest formal education Hemingway would receive. He worked as a cub reporter for the Kansas City Star for a short time after graduation. During World War I, he volunteered his services to the American Red Cross as an ambulance driver in Italy. On July 18, 1918, he was wounded by a 420-caliber shell that exploded near him. While recovering from his injuries in a Milano hospital, Hemingway fell in love with a young nurse named Agnes Von Kurowsky. The affair only lasted a short time before the

couple went there separate ways. It wasn’t until January of 1919 that Ernest would return home to Oak Park from the hospital. Feeling confined, Hemingway and his friend Bill Smith moved to Chicago to live with Bill`s brother. On September 3, 1921, he met and married his first wife, Elizabeth Hadley Richardson. The couple spent their honeymoon at the Hemingway’s cottage on Lake Walloon in Michigan. Shortly after the wedding they moved to Paris, France, on the advice of a friend Sherwood Anderson. ” While there, he was encouraged in creative work by the American expatriate writers Ezra Pound, and Gertrude Stein”. (Encarta 98) Along with Pound and Stein, there were other American writers living in Paris, ” bitter about their WWI experiences with the American society”.

(Encarta 98) Hemingway and the other writers made up a group known as “The Lost Generation”. Between 1923 and 1927 Hemingway published five (5) books and a collection of short stories. The Sun Also Rises published in New York in 1926 being the best known. The collection of short stories Men Without Women was published in 1927, that same year Hemingway married Pauline Pfeiffer, after divorcing Hadley Richardson. Pfeiffer was in Paris working as a fashion writer for Vogue Magazine when she met Hemingway for the first time. It was a short time later that the couple moved to Key West, Florida. Hemingway’s novel A Farewell to Arms was published September 27, 1929. The book had a first run of 31,500 copies. Four months after publication sales were around 80,000 copies. The title

is kind of ironic, after losing his father to a self inflicted gun shot wound to the head, a year earlier. Hemingway took a fancy to the rod and reel. In 1934 he purchased a custom sportfishing boat named Pilar. He liked to fish for Marlin in the gulfstream near the coast of Cuba. Having an adventurous nature also brought him to many Big Game hunts in Africa. A few well-known pieces that were published while Hemingway lived in Florida are; Death in the Afternoon, Winner Take Nothing, Green Hills of Africa, and To Have and Have Not. The ten years Hemingway spent in Florida were the most productive years he’d ever had. This would all change in 1940, when he divorced his wife Pauline, to marry a well-known writer, whom he had met at a local bar in Key West. Martha Gellhorn had

accompanied Hemingway to Spain on several occasions during the Spanish Civil War (1937-1938), where they both had been correspondents. The couple moved to Cuba, where he started writing a new novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls. The book was published and dedicated to his new bride on October 21 1940. As a Christmas gift to him and Martha, Hemingway purchased the Finca Vigia, ” a sprawling, breeze-swept farmhouse on a hill overlooking the village of San Francisco de Paula, about six miles southeast of Havana”. (Workbook) It would be a year later when the Untied States became involved in World War II. Itching for adventure, Hemingway traveled with the American troops as a correspondent to France and Germany. In 1944 while driving with a not too sober friend through the blackedout