A Thing Of Beauty Is A Joy — страница 2

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beauty will not last forever, as seasons change, but this change brings new beauty. The onomatopoeia in the third stanza instigates a more active tone , the increasing rhythm almost represents a celebration, for the `Wailful choir the small gnats mourn is contrasted with the `loud bleat ,`hedge-crickets sing , `redbreast whistles ` swallows twitter`, almost as if nature has designed a percussion to celebrate winters arrival. Cedric Watts: `The stanza s can be seen as movement throughout the seasons, beginning with pre-harvest ripeness, moving to the repletion of harvest itself, and concluding with the emptiness following harvest, but preceding winter . Keats also first focuses on the vegetable world, then human activity in gathering the harvest and concludes to the world of

animals, birds and insects. This progression is also in the senses, as Keats begins with tactile senses then visual and ends with auditory senses. This order reflects the message of beauty. As beauty although a joy, does not last forever, Keats begins to realise this towards the end, and hence leaves us with the pre-winter glance, as a substitute joy. As we are assured that winter will have `thy music too`! Therefore this natural beauty lasts all seasons, as nature resurrects it continuously. We, like Keats, must see this beauty first, for only then can it become a `joy forever`. `The Nightingale` was held in high esteem by Keats. His ode, shows fascination with this bird s freedom and its joyful tune, oblivious to death. It is this tune which torments Keats. The Nightingale here

is seen as a representation of beauty. Throughout this ode Keat s mood fluctuates between realism and fantasy, this almost parallels the nightingale s song as it oscillates between tune and flight. Keats bombards us with negative images and enforces his mood of misery on us; `aches`, `drowsy numbness ` `pains`. The syntax length is long, hence it emphasises the drowsiness increased by the pauses. The reference to `hemlock I had drunk` and `dull opiate provides the escapism Keats wants, almost to flee to the bird in ecstasy. It is in the fourth stanza that he prefers to use inspiration instead, to reach the heights of the nightingale. Keats deliberately confuses the reader s assumptions of the poem by introducing a melancholic mood. The `melodious plot is emphasised through the

rhythm of the poem and the extended use of vowel sounds prior to the `melodious plot. The repetition of `happy is almost a forceful emphasis to cancel the earlier negatives. Keat s distinguished use of paradoxes, is evident here too: ` `tis not through envy of thy happy lot, But being too happy in thine happiness . Keats has found joy in the innocence of the nightingale, who `among the leaves hast never known, the weariness, the fever and the fret here, where men sit and hear each other groan . The bird is oblivious to the pain and death. The nightingale s song has been heard by himself emperor and clown and also by the biblical Ruth , the beauty, its song has mesmerised and consoled many. I believe Keat s attempts to find a lasting joy in the nightingales song, hence: `thou wast

not born for death, immortal bird . He wishes its song never to end, and when it flees the question `Do I wake or sleep`, I believe is Keats questioning, now that he is out of its trance, has he awakened to the reality of everyday existence. Where youth grows pale, and spectre – thin, and dies ? The deliberate punctuated pauses before the conjunction slows the reader and hence echos his brothers Toms death, soon to be his. Therefore the lines: `Where Beauty cannot keep her lustrous eyes, or new love pine at them beyond to-morrow , show the inevitable change of time and hence the loss of beauty. Similar to the `Ode to Nightingale` Keats went on to write `Ode to a Grecian Urn`, which has been acclaimed to be his greatest poem. The beauty of the Urn isn t natural, it is

artificial, hence contrasting the `nightingale`. As noted by Helen Vendler, `the urn suppresses hearing as the Ode to a Nightingale suppressed sight`, the poems are almost a reflection, which therefore suggests Keat s struggle to find `Beauty`. Keats questions immortality attainable through art. We are led into the poem with the paradox of `still unravished`. Keats adopts his familiar lethargic tone through the long syntax and alliterative vowel sound patterns, further emphasised by the assonance. The peacefulness created lends the `urn` the respect Keats feels it should have. This is thought is also evident in his modesty: `A flowery tale more sweetly than our rhyme`. The `urn` is immortal. It holds beauty in a frozen trance. the `bold` lover` will never fade, even though `never