A Reformed Canadian Senate Essay Research Paper

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A Reformed Canadian Senate Essay, Research Paper That is a question which many generations of Canadians have asked themselves.? Many ideas for reform have arisen form this dialogue, but why haven?t Canadiatopic I came across many rather insightful and humorous quotations that I am going to share with you.1.Senator Eugene Forsey commenting on the 1987 meech Lake proposal: The transformed Senate will have all the legal powers of the present Senate.? Most notably the power to reject, absolutely, any bill whatsoever.? But it will have a political clout the present Senate cannot even dream of.? Its members will take seriously their job of representing provincial and regional interests, and if that makes trouble A Reformed Canadian Senate?That is a question which many generations

of Canadians have asked themselves.? Many ideas for reform have arisen form this dialogue, but why haven?t Canadians accepted any of those proposals? First, Canada as we know is governed federally by a parliament that consists of the the Monarch, the Senate, and the House of Commons.? These three bodies tend to work harmoniously with one another to allow the government of the day to carry out its business efficiently.? This synchronism of the federal parliament has also been criticised for in effect giving the governing party a five-year dictatorship.? One of the largest contributors to this apparent lack of accountability of the federal government is the ineffective senate.? The senate was established as the chamber of sober second thought but it contemporary practice it has to

a great degree become the chamber of the second rubber stamp on a bill?s way to the governor general.? The reasons for the senate?s lack of effectiveness are apparent to us all:1.? Senators lack credibility as they are appointed 2.? As senators are appointed by the PM they are effectively puppets of the federal government 3.? The unequal provincial representation makes it nearly impossible for senator?s to adequately defend their province?s interests. As well recent scandals involving the attendance of senator?s have all contributed to the public?s unfavourable view of the senate.Many proposals for senate reform have been made over the years a few of them being:1.The House of the federation, where in the constitution there should be a role for provinces in selecting members of

the senate, as well as a greater representation of the western and Atlantic provinces in the upper house.2.One proposal from 1908 suggests that 1/3 of senators be appointed by the federal government, 1/3 by the provincial government, and the remaining 1/3 by universities and public bodies.3.Recent proposals have included the German Bundesrat model whereby the provinces would send delegations to represent them in the federal senate.4.In 1984 it was recommended by a special Joint Committee on Senate reform that the senate be elected directly by the people.5.The previous proposal is the basis for the current triple E senate, elected, equal, and effective, which the Reform party of Canada is currently proposing.6.There is also a movement for the abolition of the senate with political

backing form the New Democratic Party of Canada.Variations on these proposals have been made over the years but none have them have been widely accepted by the Canadian people, why?1.One of the reasons that the many house of federation, or mixed appointment and elected models have failed is a result of the publics negative perception of the appointment process.? By giving the provinces power to name senators it would give the premiers the ability to perpetuate the patronage process and thus reduce the credibility of the reformed senate.? It would take the criticism of the senate away from the federal government and place it in the provincial arena.? There is a benefit to this proposal that could lead to further senate reforms over time.? If it were the responsibility of the