A Reflection Of Egypt In The 20Th

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A Reflection Of Egypt In The 20Th Century Essay, Research Paper The American University in Cairo A Reflection of Egypt in the 20th century Outline: + Major argument: Many critics view Naguib Mahfouz as simply a storyteller. However, by using the Trilogy, this paper will show that Naguib Mahfouz can actually be regarded as a historian who has documented the history of Egypt in a very unique way. The Trilogy is a reflection of the political history of Egypt and it reveals many aspects of daily life in Egypt prevalent in the 20th century such as the opposition of political rights, the loosening of social norms, degradation of faith, the lack of spirituality and the gradual liberation of women. It has been said that through the Trilogy, Mahfouz gives an eyewitness account of the

country’s political, social, religious and intellectual life between the two wars; that period of turmoil in the nation’s life would have otherwise passed undocumented. + Approach: analytical I. Introduction: + The Life of Naguib Mahfouz + Brief survey of his works II. Review of the Trilogy + General overview of the Trilogy + Palace Walk: Analysis of the character of Fahmy + Palace of Desire: Analysis of the character of Kamal + Sugar Street: Analysis of III. Conclusion Bibliography + Beard, Michael,ed. Naguib Mahfouz: from regional fame to global recognition. New York: Syracuse University Press, 1993. + Boger, Allen. “World Literature in Review: Egypt.” World Literature Today 68 (Winter 1994): 203. + Cole, Gregory. “Conversation with Mahfouz.” Africa Report 35, no.2,

May/June 1990, 65-66. + Dickey, C.”A Baedeker to Egypt’s Soul.” Newsweek 115 (June 26, 1990): 64. + El-Enany, Rasheed. “Mahfouz: A great novel and a wanting translation.” Third World Quarterly 13 (1992): 187. + Enani, M.M.,ed. Naguib Mahfouz, Nobel 1988, Egyptian Perspectives: a collection of critical essays. Cairo: General Egyptian Book Organization, 1989. + Gershoni, Israel. “Between Ottomanism and Egyptianism: The Evolution of National Sentiment in the Cairene Middle Class as Reflected in Najib Mahfouz’s Bayn al-Qasrayn.” Studies in Islamic Society: Contributions in Memory of Gabriel Baer, Hafia University Press, 1984, 227-263. + Haim, Gordon. Naguib Mahfouz’s Egypt: existential themes in his writings. New York: Greenwood Press, 1990. + Irwin, Robert.

“Messages from Cairo.” Rev. of Sugar Street by N. Mahfouz. Trans. William Maynard Hutchins and Angele Botros Samaan. The Times Literary Supplement, 13 March 1992, 23. + Le Gassick, Trevor. Critical Perspectives on Naguib Mahfouz. Washington, D.C.: Three Continents Press, 1991. + Le Gassick, Trevor. “Najib Mahfouz’s Trilogy.” Middle East Forum 39, 1963, 31-34. + Mahfouz, Naguib. Palace Walk. Trans. William Hutchins & Olive E. Kenny. Cairo: AUC Press, 1989. + Mahfouz, Naguib. Palace of Desire: Cairo Trilogy II. Trans. William Maynard Hutchins, et al. Cairo: AUC Press, 1991. + Mahfouz, Naguib. Sugar Street. Trans. William Maynard Hutchins et al. Cairo, AUC Press, 1992. + “Mahfouz, the Nobel Lauriate” http://www.arabicnews.com/ansub/daily/dam/970809/1997080905.html

+ Mikhail, Mona N. Studies in the Short Fiction of Mahfouz and Idris. New York: New York University Press, 1992. + “Naguib Mahfouz-Biased to Grassroots (People & Facts)” http://www.sis.gov.eg/egyptinf/culture/html/nmahfouz.htm + Naguib Mahfouz’s interview to “Majallat al-Idha” (Cairo:December 21, 1957), quoted in Al-Sharuni’s Dirasat fi al-Riwaya wa al-Qissa al-Qasira, p.23. + “Our exclusive interview with Naguib Mahfouz, by Ahmed Farid” http://www.arabambassador.com/interviewmahfouz.htm + Peters, Issa. “World Literature in Review: Egyptian.” World Literature Today 65 (Autumn 1991): 759. + Peters, Issa. “World Literature in Review: Near East.” World Literature Today 67 (Autumn 1993): 887. + Salti, Ramzi M. “World Literature in Review: Egypt.” World