A Hostile And Threatening World Essay Research — страница 2

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in which Nick to begins in an composed mental state then reverts to a state much like that of “Soldier’s Home”. Throughout his excursion, Nick Adams performs many rituals. Smoking occurs on multiple occasions. Nick smokes first just before he studies the grasshopper, making the discovery that the grasshoppers were all black due to the recent fire. Later, as Nick smokes after losing the huge trout, he loses his feeling of disappointment, and begins to fish again. In both instances smoking caused Nick’s mind to focus causing all other thoughts to vanish, allowing him to continue his activities. The bulk of these rituals appear when Nick sets up camp. He has everything he could possibly need so that no complications will ever arise when he is performing these including his

bag of nails, a frying pan, an ax, a wire grill, cheesecloth, full fishing gear, a bottle of catsup, and many other miscellaneous items. The heavy pack likely weighs in excess of eighty pounds, which is obviously more than most people would need to carry to set up an equivalent camp. He sets up his camp and tent with precision using a very orderly process, creating a place that was “mysterious and homelike.” The ritual of coffee making is one of the few procedures that Nick did not invent himself. Following the process meticulously, Nick brought the mixture of water and grounds to a boil, causing Nick to receive a mental boost as “it was a triumph for Hopkins”. The next morning Nick continues following his rituals by forcing himself to eat breakfast and prepare lunch.

Later, while fishing, Nick follows the rule of always wetting your hand before handling fish, for not doing so will cause the fish to contract a fungus, causing them to die. Nick also states many fishing rules like “there will be no big trout in the shallows,” trout hide in every shadow, and “after the sun has crossed toward the hills, the trout would be in the cool shadows on the other side of the stream.” Hiding behind these rules works well in the beginning then becomes more difficult as the story progresses. The first sign of this buried feeling or memory trying to resurface appears as nick looks into the pond ” just after leaving the train. Nick’s heart tightened as the trout moved. He felt that old feeling.” Later, when he is fishing, the feelings rise again

as he looks into he branch filled hole then looks into the swamp where the old feeling rises again, only this time the danger is closer and is more than just an idea. It seems as though this is the first time he believes he has he has the power to conquer this feeling and scare away the deathly presence in the swamp. Nick begins feeling happy, then reverts to his fearful mental state, the danger this time not originating in Europe, but in the swamp just across the stream from his camp. The threat turns deadly in “The Snows of Kilimanjaro.” Harry, now the middle-aged hero, is trapped on his deathbed with gangrene. Essentially helpless, he unable to escape impending doom because he is unable to follow his custom, which he has been neglecting for many years. Harry, an author,

alcoholic, women chaser, and hunter has so many stories that he should have written, because”There was so much to write. He had seen the world change; not just the events; although he ad seen many of them and had watched the people, but he had see subtler change and he could remember how people were at different times. He had been in it and he had watched it and it was his duty to write it; but now he never would.”Harry, through neglect and ignorance, allowed many of his best stories to go forever unpublished. Aiding in this neglect is alcohol. His drinking and whoring in Paris along with his wife’s begging by his deathbed calls and then hastens the arrival of death. Death approaches and puts his weight upon him, forever silencing the troubled man. The threat has moved

dramatically from where it was last seen in a nearby swamp. It has finally been able to reach and touch the hero, causing a swift and clean demise. Doom is certain for the Hemmingway hero. Early on, he is able to ward it away through the faithful observance of invented customs, but as these customs became neglected, the eye of the hurricane that he is trapped within finally overtook him, causing him to cross the circular border between the relative calm of the eye, and the deadly force of the surrounding wall. “Soldier’s Home” presented Krebs with disturbing World War One memories from Europe, “Big Two-Hearted River” presented a threatening nearby swamp, and “The Snows of Kilimanjaro” presented a doomed man with gangrene. All three short stories have a progressing