A History Of Women

  • Просмотров 271
  • Скачиваний 12
  • Размер файла 15
    Кб

A History Of Women’s Suffrage Essay, Research Paper Woman suffrage is the right of women to vote. Today, women in nearly all countries have the same voting rights as men. But they did not begin to gain such rights until the early 1900’s, and they had to overcome strong opposition to get them. The men and women who supported the drive for woman suffrage were called suffragists. During colonial times, the right to vote was limited to adult males who owned property. Many people thought property owners had the strongest interest in good government and so were best qualified to make decisions. Most women could not vote, though some colonies gave the vote to widows who owned property. By the mid-1700’s, many colonial leaders were beginning to think that all citizens should

have a voice in government. They expressed this belief in such slogans as “No Taxation Without Representation” and “Government by the Consent of the Governed.” After the United States became an independent nation, the Constitution gave the states the right to decide who could vote. One by one, the states abolished property requirements and, by 1830, all white male adults could vote. Only New Jersey gave women the vote, but in 1807, that state also limited voting rights to men. Beginnings of the movement. Changing social conditions for women during the early 1800’s, combined with the idea of equality, led to the birth of the woman suffrage movement. For example, women started to receive more education and to take part in reform movements, which involved them in politics.

As a result, women started to ask why they were not also allowed to vote. One of the first public appeals for woman suffrage came in 1848. Two reformers, Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, called a women’s rights convention in Seneca Falls, N.Y., where Stanton lived. The men and women at the convention adopted a Declaration of Sentiments that called for women to have equal rights in education, property, voting, and other matters. The declaration, which used the Declaration of Independence as a model, said, “We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal. …” Suffrage quickly became the chief goal of the women’s rights movement. Leaders of the movement believed that if women had the vote, they could use it to gain other rights.

But the suffragists faced strong opposition. Most people who opposed woman suffrage believed that women were less intelligent and less able to make political decisions than men. Opponents argued that men could represent their wives better than the wives could represent themselves. Some people feared that women’s participation in politics would lead to the end of family life. Growth of the movement. The drive for woman suffrage gained strength after the passage of the 15th Amendment to the Constitution, which gave the vote to black men but not to any women. In 1869, suffragists formed two national organizations to work for the right to vote. One was the National Woman Suffrage Association, and the other was the American Woman Suffrage Association. The National Woman Suffrage

Association, led by Stanton and another suffragist named Susan B. Anthony, was the more radical of the two organizations. Its chief goal was an amendment to the Constitution giving women the vote. In 1872, Anthony and a group of women voted in the presidential election in Rochester, N.Y. She was arrested and fined for voting illegally. At her trial, which attracted nationwide attention, she made a stirring speech that ended with the slogan “Resistance to Tyranny Is Obedience to God.” The American Woman Suffrage Association, led by the suffragist Lucy Stone and her husband, Henry Blackwell, was more conservative. Its main goal was to induce individual states to give the vote to women. The two organizations united in 1890 to form the National American Woman Suffrage