A History Of Religion In Africa Essay — страница 2
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Hippo and Constantine in the eleventh century. The second phase was between 1050-1750. One important thing to know from this phase is that the population of Northern Africa was forced fourteen times with violence to embrace Islamism and it returned fourteen times to its own religion. The last section of the expansionism of Islam in Africa dates to the present time. Here is an estimate of the number of Islamic people in different parts of Africa. 4,070,000 in Algeria, 1,500,000 in Tunis, 10,000,000 in Morocco, 6,800,000 in French Western Africa, and 3,000,000 in the Wadai and Sudan. Naturism, Animism and Fetishism are three more religions found in Africa. Naturism is the worship paid to personified natural objects such as the sky, the moon, the mountains etc. The Hottentots and the Bantu are two such African groups who gave worship to the moon, the sun and various other objects. Animism is the belief that natural objects, natural phenomena, and the universe itself possess souls. It can be said that Animism is the religion of a great part of Africa. The Negritos, Hottentots, Bantus of the south and east, many of the Nigritians and most of the Hamites are said to be Animists. They worship neither fetishes, idols, nor material images. They believe in the survival of the spirits of the deceased and the need of honoring them. Fetishism is the belief that an object has mysterious, magical power and has unquestioning reverence or devotion. Anything may become a fetish such as images, bones, figures etc. Fetishism is chiefly found in the west. Livingstone one pointed out that it seems that the Africans seem to become more superstitious as you go deeper into the forest country. Fetishism is practically non-existent among the Hottentots, the Nigritians, The Bantus of the east, The Negritos and the Hamites. Another less well-known religion that originated in Africa is Rastafarian. The major belief for Rastafarians is that Haile Selassie is the living god for the black race. Ras Tafari was the previous name of Selassie when he was the Emperor of Ethiopia. Selassie was not a Rastafarian but rather a Christian. Although Haile Selassie was reported dead, the Rastafarians do not believe it. The Lion of Judah represents Haile Selassie because the lion is king of all beasts as Selassie was the king of all kings to them. Rastafarians do not believe in an afterlife but Africa, Ethiopia specifically is considered Rasta’s heaven on Earth. Rastafarians are vegetarians and don’t eat anything that has touched chemicals or comes from a can. A Rasta’s hair (dreadlocks) symbolizes their roots, contrasting the blond look of the white man. Although there are more religions present in Africa, we are going to look at a section of African and break down its religious population. The Ivory Coast is a very deeply religious area. Muslims represent twenty-three percent of the population, Christians represent twelve percent and Animists boast a majority of sixty-five percent of the population. Thirteen percent of the Ivorian population doesn’t belong to a religion. In Nigeria, about fourty-eight percent of Nigerias inhabitants practice the Muslim faith and thirty-four percent of Nigerians are Christians. The remaining eighteen percent of the Nigerian population practice various traditional religions. In Liberia, about ten percent of the population are Christians, mainly Protestant. Twenty percent of Liberia is Muslim and about seventy percent follow traditional religions. In conclusion, many different types of religion inhabit Africa. Many of these religions date back far in history and have a widely respected forthcoming. Much of the African population is very religious and few do not practice a belief. Although many religions, quite a few of the African population still stays with some of its original religions such as animism, naturism, and fetishism. Although I did not cover all of the religions I covered a majority of the main ones and saw that Africans, have been deeply religious for many, many centuries. I am happy to say I learned quite a few things about religion in Africa.