A Global World Essay Research Paper The

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A Global World Essay, Research Paper The term globalization project may be a relatively new one, but the ideas and concepts behind it have been building for many years. To fully understand the term and the significance behind it, one must delve back in history to find out where it came from and how it came about. In a sense, the globalization project has evolved from the developmental project. This report will briefly look at such things as: Financial Globalization, the New International Economic Order, the Debt Regime, Global Managerialism, Global Governance, from these major categories, a clear path will be drawn to lead to what is now known as the Globalization Project. A global infrastructure has been a very important evolvement in the last few decades. It is an

institutional complex that organizes global economic activity (Laurier Course Package 74). The rise of this infrastructure has taken many different forms: Financial Globalization A growing trend has been forming in the world, it has been the continued movement away from nation-state organized financial organizations to global ones (i.e. transnational banks). This move is certainly a change from the development project, which concentrated on a local and national governing power, which included financial control. This world economy depended on the circulation of U.S. dollars and it was the Bretton Woods arrangement that served to maintain a stable currency for world exchange. At the same time, fixed currency exchanges stabilized countries interest rates, which in turn stabilized

the countries economies (Laurier Course Package 75). Still, it was the breakdown of the Bretton Woods system that helped to lessen national financial control and solidify a new globalized economy. Unfortunately with the great loss of national control over their currency domestic dollar values fluctuated tremendously in the volatile world market. With such a huge amount of money passing through the world system every day it was virtually impossible to steady the fluctuations that were taking place. There was also a move by these transnational banks into the Third World market, which illustrated another departure from the development project (Laurier Course Package 74-78). The New International Economic Order (NIEO) The flood of money borrowing and the demand by the Third World

states brought about a New International Economic Order. The major objective of the NIEO was Third Worldist , which meant that it was interested in the growth, development and security of Third World economies. It was believed that the promised rise in the standard of living by the development project was not being realized for the most part and also the multilateral and bilateral programs established through the development project were quite selective. Aid funds were unequally distributed across the world, with the smallest amounts reaching the neediest cases (Laurier Course Package 79). In the end, the main goal of the NIEO to equalize wealth in First and Third World countries was relatively successful. The Debt Regime The debt crisis that has been emerging in the last few

decades has brought with it the idea that there needed to be a global management and involvement as a way to help regulate and control debt. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) was given primary power and control; it acted as a supervisor in world economic activity. New economic structural adjustments were made to debtor countries and also there were regulations put on borrowing and debt financing. As countries adopted the rules of the debt managers and restructured their economies, they reversed the path of the development project (Laurier Course Package 82). There was a new push towards exportation and involvement in the world market; the focus was shifted from national economic growth to global economic growth. There is a downside to this because although restructuring