A Gauranteed Justice System Essay Research Paper — страница 3

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suitable and does not allow the offender to grow from the experience. Instead, the contemporary justice system gives up on the offender and relates to them as throw-aways . Restorative justice demands that offenders be given a chance to redeem themselves through their actions towards the community and victim harmed (Viano). Each of the previously discussed forms of restorative justice end with an agreement on how the offender will repair the harm caused. There are two ways an offender may go about restoring the victim and community: restitution and community service. Restitution is the payment by an offender of a sum of money to compensate for the financial losses caused by the crime. It is justified in a restorative perspective as a method of holding offenders accountable for

their wrongdoing, and as a method of repairing the victim s injury ( Tutorial ). Community service is work performed by an offender for the benefit of the community. It is justified in a restorative perspective as a method of addressing the harm experienced by communities when a crime occurs. However, it can be used instead for retributive reasons or as a means of rehabilitating the offender. What distinguishes its use as a restorative response is the attention given to identifying the particular harm suffered by the community as a result of the offender s crime, and the effort to ensure that the offender s community service repairs that particular harm ( Tutorial ). For example, an offender who is accused of vandalism will contribute to the community through repairing vandalism

throughout the community. In order to initiate restorative justice as an effective tool in our judicial system, it requires the action of almost every aspect in society, but especially the community and many public figures, such as policy makers and elected officials. In some states, there are training sessions for elected officials, policy makers, crime victims, the faith community and the general public. In order for restorative justice to get the attention that it deserves, education is the key (Smith). The religious community often is incorporated in restorative justice because restorative justice deals with the moral aspects of a crime, and less of the legality of the crime. The list of individuals and organizations that need to be involved is lengthy, including community

organizations, universities, criminal justice professionals, educators, social workers, mental health professionals, law enforcement, probation and parole, community corrections, courts, judges and attorneys, and public defenders. The training includes a large range of topics, including principles and core values, current practices, family group conferencing, spiritual foundation, key elements for shaping a restorative justice community, team-building for agency/community partnerships, developing a mission, vision, and strategic plan, and creating a restorative just learning organization (Cavanagh). Many high profile individuals are pursuing a more widespread use of restorative justice. These people include U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno and Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O

Conner. The National Institute of Justice and the National Institute of Corrections have been sponsoring conferences and publications pertaining to the endorsement of restorative justice. The National Institute of Corrections Academy sponsored a nationwide satellite teleconference (Zehr). The support is overwhelming and still growing for this alternative to our current system. In conclusion, restorative justice is an effective way of dealing with offenders, their victims and the community. It holds offenders directly accountable to victims and the community and requires the offender to take direct responsibility. Restorative justice provides the victims with access to the process and restores justice on a personal level. It also enhances rehabilitation for the offender to deter a

repeat offense. Restorative justice is an idea that has been used for thousands of years and needs to be put into effect more often to successfully deal with the senseless harms inflicted on the victim and the community. Works Cited Cavanagh, Tom. The Paintball Case: A Restorative Justice Case Study. 2001. Cavanagh, Tom. Restorative Justice Training. 2001. Miller, Shereen B., and Mark Schacter. Revue Canadienne de Criminologie. Vol. 42. n. pag. Ottawa: Print Media Foreign, 2000. Smith, Walter D. The Juvenile Justice System and Restorative Justice: Alternatives to Incarceration. Vol. 5. n. pag. Bethpage, 1999 Turpin, James. Restorative Justice Challenges Corrections: Corrections Today. Vol. 61. n. pag. Laurel, 1999. Tutorial: Introduction to Restorative Justice . 2000. Viano,