A Biography Of Jacob Essay Research Paper — страница 5

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in front to meet Esau, bowing seven times, but his brother ran to him, embraced him, fell on his neck and wept. Esau asked who these people were with him, and he said these are ?the children whom god has graciously given your servant.? (Gen 33:4)(529) Then all of his group came by and bowed. Esau asked what Jacob meant by all this company for Esau, and Jacob answered that he wanted to please Esau, but Esau said that what he had was enough, and that what was Jacob?s could stay Jacob?s. But Jacob pleaded with Esau to take the gift from his hands, that seeing Esau is like seeing god, since he is still not angry about what happened before Jacob left, so Esau took the gift. Esau beckoned Jacob to walk with him, but Jacob said that his family and herds have had a long trip, and that he

will walk with them slowly, at their pace, until they get to Esau?s house in Seir. Jacob then traveled to Succoth and built a house with areas for his herds. Jacob got to Shechem, from Paddan-aram, and he camped before the city. From the sons of Hamor, he bought some land where he pitched his tent. He also created an altar to god there, and called it El-Elohe-Israel. Leah and Jacob?s daughter, Dinah, explored the city and met with the girls of Shechem, and the son of Hamor, also called Shechem, prince of the region, raped her. Shechem loved her, and was nice to her afterwards, and asked his father to get her this girl in marriage. Hamor went to speak with Jacob about the topic, and when Jacob?s sons heard, they were not happy. Hamor spoke on behalf of his son, offering Jacob?s

group the land to live and trade in for Dinah to be Shechem?s. Shechem also said to Jacob that he could set the marriage present and gift as high as he liked, as long as he could marry Dinah. Jacob?s sons answered them, saying that they could only let this happen if all the men in Shechem were to be circumcised, because it would be a disgrace otherwise. It was a lie, in order for Jacob?s slighted sons to get revenge on Shechem and his family. Shechem was fine with it, and he and Hamor spoke with the men of the city, saying that they could have many of the daughters of Jacob?s large group. So all the men of the city including Hamor and Shechem circumcised themselves. Three days later, when the men of Shechem were still in pain, Simeon and Levi took their weapons and went into the

city. The other sons of Jacob joined in. They plundered the city and killed everyone in it. Jacob was disturbed by this, and told Simeon and Levi, the leaders of the attack, that it was unwise to do what they did, offending these peoples, that if they should go up in arms against Jacob?s small group, he shall be destroyed. But they said, ?Should our sister be treated like a whore?? (Gen 34:31)(530) God told Jacob to go back to the place where he dreamt of heaven and the ladder, what he called Bethel. He told Jacob to make an altar there to god. Jacob told his household to get rid of their old gods, to purify themselves and change their clothes. Everyone gave Jacob their old gods, and removed their earrings, and Jacob hid them under an oak that was near Shechem. On Jacob?s journey

to Bethel, god made calamites befall the cities around them, so that they would not be pursued. Jacob arrived at Bethel and built an altar to god and called the place El-Bethel, because it was there when he saw god in his time of trouble. When Jacob was coming from Paddan-aram, god told him his name was no longer to be Jacob, but Israel. God also renewed his covenant he made with Abraham, to Jacob, saying ?I am god almighty: be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall come from you, and kings shall spring from you. The land that I gave to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you, and I will give the land to your offspring after you.? (Gen 35:10)(531) Jacob made a pillar of stone, pouring a drink offering and oil on it, and called the place Bethel once again.

Jacob and his company left Bethel and were close to Ephrath when Rachel went into a hard labor. She died after giving birth to whom she named Ben-oni, but Jacob called him Benjamin. Rachel was buried on the way to Ephrath, and Jacob put a pillar at her grave. Jacob continued his journey, and made camp beyond the tower of Eder. During Jacob?s stay in that area, he heard that Reuben had sex with his concubine. Jacob now had twelve sons: those who were from Leah, Reuben (the eldest), Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun; those who were from Rachel, Joseph and Benjamin; those who were from Rachel?s maid, Dan and Naphtali; and those of Leah?s maid, Gad and Asher. Jacob returned to his father at Mamre, or Kiriath-arba (Hebron), and Isaac died. His sons buried him. Esau moved away