6 Main Russian Leaders Essay Research Paper

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6 Main Russian Leaders Essay, Research Paper Vladimir Ilych Lenin A. Vladimir Ilych Lenin was born in 1870 and died in January 1924 at the age of 52. Lenin was in power from 1917 to 1924 to be proceeded by Josef Stalin. B. Lenin was the leader of the Bolsheviks. Him and the Bolsheviks were opposed of W.W.I. Lenin believed that it was a war of the rich. He believed that it would only cause hardships for the peasants and workers. The Germans allowed Lenin and the Bolsheviks to cross through German borders into Russia. Lenin’s partner was Leon Trotsky. Lenin opposed the provisional government. Lenin and the Bolsheviks wanted to nationalize banks, industry, land and wanted to hold free elections, he also guaranteed an end to the war over the provisional government. Because of

these promises the Bolsheviks and Lenin gained strong support from soviets. In October, 1917, Lenin ordered the Bolsheviks to take over the government. His attempt was successful, and on November 7th, 1917, the Bolsheviks were now the government in Moscow. Lenin and the Bolsheviks had two main goals: 1)Peace 2)Nationalization In 1918, Lenin signed a peace treaty with Germany. Russia was forced to give up the Baltic states (Finland, Poland, Ukraine), which became their own independent countries. Lenin later nationalized all mines, factories and other businesses in Russia. Lenin promised the peasants the right to own land, then Lenin decided to turn all land into state property. This allowed poorer peasants to continue to farm the land they held. Lenin needed the peasants support.

ALL large farms and estates became state property. The Bolsheviks changed their name to the Communist party after the Civil War. The Communists had little money, and peasants refused to give their crops to the government, causing a severe food shortage. Lenin finally forced the peasants to hand over food, many peasants hid their crops. There was a crop failure in 1921. In 1921, Lenin introduced the New Economic Policy (NEP). This policy combined state ownership and control of free enterprise. Lenin allowed farmers to own small tracts of land, and sell their crops to the open market and to keep the profits. The government returned 3800 nationalized companies to their former owners, this helped to allow the Soviet government to become solidly established. Lenin Believed that the

industrial process would surpass western capitalist economies. He believed that the superiority of the communist system would be proven if this happened. This only happened in certain areas. for example, iron ore, coal, natural gas, crude oil, and the army were good, but when it came to consumer goods they were listed as N/A as well as with standard of living. C. Lenin was a communist and a revolutionary leader in Russian history. He was very intelligent, this is proven by him making promises to people if he were to get into office. Some of Lenin’s policies are still in place in Russia. Lenin believed in equality. Lenin was after betterment of life and change. D. If it weren’t for Lenin, Czars would still rule Russia. Peasants would be slaves, and the rich would still be

ruling over the slaves. Communism would not have been implemented in Russian government if it weren’t for Lenin. Lenin started the ideas of nationalization. Without Lenin Russia would not be as well off as it is now. Joseph Stalin A. Joseph Stalin was born in 1853, and in 1953, Stalin died after thirty-one years of power. He assumed power over the Soviet Union in 1922 as Lenin’s successor till the day he died in 1953. B. Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili is Stalin’s real name. He was born in the Russian State of Georgia. In 1899, just as Stalin was about to graduate from a Theological Seminary, he dropped out and joined a movement that was opposed to the Russian monarchy. While working as an accountant, Stalin spread Marxist propaganda. In 1902, Stalin was arrested for