19Th Century Art Essay Research Paper Art

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19Th Century Art Essay, Research Paper Art In 19th Century Realism, Naturalism, and Symbolism were popular modes of expression by writers of that era. Such modes of expression were the use of nature in their writings. Two poets that really stand out among the rest are Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867) and Paul Verlaine (1844-1896). Baudelaire was referred to by many as the “first Modern Poet” and the “father of modern criticism”. Verlaine like Baudelaire was a symbolist poet, he was also French and referred to as the “Prince of Poets”. Both these poets touch on nature in their poems. It was in Baudelaire’s Song of Autumn I and Verlaine’s Autumn Song that similarities and differences were most evident. Their views of autumn had melodramatic view of death and at

the same time can contrast with one another. Throughout this paper I will discuss the parallelism and divergence between these two poems. In Baudelaire’s first stanza of Song of Autumn I, he explains how the end of summer is near and the weather will become cold. He starts the reader off in the end of summer. “Soon we shall plunge into the chilly fogs; Farewell, Swift light! Our summers are too short (line 1-2, pg. 1151). Baudelaire then begins to explain the chopping down of the trees to gather firewood. This idea of the rhythmic thump firewood being delivered is repeated throughout his poem. In Verlaine’s Autumn Song, the first stanza is told in a very monotonous tone much like the first stanza of Song of autumn. Verlaine talks about long sobs and the feeling he has in

heart, what he describing is the end of summer and begging of the gloomy season of autumn. This is exactly the same that Baudelaire describes in his first stanza. Verlaine difference in this stanza is that he starts the poem already in autumn whereas Bauderlaire starts his poem in the end of the summer. In the second stanza of Autumn Song, Verlaine discusses the feeling he has inside of him. “Choking and pale when I mind the tale the hours keep”(lines 6-9, pg. 1169). Verlaine then relates back to memories of the summer and this makes him cry. My memory strays down other days and I weep,”(lines 10-12, pg. 1169). He also even makes references to idea of daylight savings time, “the hours keep,”(line 9, pg.1169). In that line he is saying that along with the gloomy aura of

autumn there is now an extra hour. In Song of Autumn I, Baudelaire’s second stanza follows the theme of Verlaine. Here Baudelaire like Verlaine explains his personal feeling of autumn. “All of winter will gather in my soul: Hate, anger, horror, chills, the hard forced work;”(lines 4-5, pg. 1151). Baudelaire however has a more cynical approach to his feeling; he describes in several adjectives the extent of his pain. Baudelaire’s next two lines really personify his feelings, “And. Like the sun in his hell by the North Pole, My heart will be only a red and frozen block,”(lines 6-8, pg. 1151). What he is exemplifying in these lines is the strong hate that burns inside of him. Baudelaire seems to loathe everything that deals with autumn. As these poems progress there is

an evident contrast in the tones of the poets writings. Verlaine has maintained a very slow and monotonous tone throughout, whereas Bauderlaire has been very boisterous about his feelings. Similar to a fire that has gasoline thrown on his fire his raging bigger and bigger with each stanza. In Song of Autumn I, stanza three, there really is no correlation between this stanza and the third stanza in Autumn Song. There is however a major contrast with this stanza and the whole poem by Verlaine. Baudelaire has kept a pattern of mentioning the idea of the chopping of firewood. He has kept it to an ever-other stanza pattern. Verlaine has no correlation between autumn and firewood. Baudelaire looks at autumn in a way that squirrel might. A squirrel spends autumn preparing for long haul