1984 Essay Research Paper 1984 as an

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1984 Essay, Research Paper 1984 as an Anti-Utopian Novel A utopia is an ideal or perfect community. While some writers have created fictional places that embody their ideals societies, other writers have written satires that ridicule existing conditions of society, or anti-utopias, which show possible future societies that are anything but ideal. In 1984 , George Orwell presents a terrifying picture of future as life under the constant surveillance of ?Big Brother.? This book 1984 is an anti-utopian novel. The main character Winston Smith lives in the large political country Oceania, which is eternally at war with one of two huge countries, Eurasia and Eastasia. At any moment all existing records show either that Oceania has always been at war with Eurasia and allied with

Eastasia, or that it has always been at war with Eastasia and allied with Eurasia. Winston knows this, because his work at the Ministry of Truth involves the constant correction of news. ?Who controls the past controls the future: who controls the present controls the past,? the party slogan reads. Basically, Winston takes real news and twists it to what ?Big Brother? wants the people to know. In the grim city and terrifying country, where ?Big Brother? is always watching you and the Thought Police can practically read your mind, Winston is a man in great danger for the simple reason that his memory still functions. He knows the party controls people by feeding them lies and taking away their imaginations. The Party forbids thought, love, and relationships. Drawn into a secret

love affair, Winston finds the courage to join a secret revolutionary organization called The Brotherhood, dedicated to the destruction of the Party. Together with his lover Julia, he puts his life on the line in a deadly match against the powers of the Party. George Orwell creates an anti-utopian society in the novel 1984 . The society involves monitors called telescreens watching you every step you take, love is forbidden, conformity, and your assigned to work at one of four ministries. In this society you can?t enjoy life or have any fun. After reading the novel you hope that the future wont be dreadful. ?When 1984 was new, and 1984 far in the future, the novel struck its most responsive readers as an unprecedented torment, an extreme and intolerable vision that stood out?

(Miller 19). The book makes the reader put their head up and question if this is how our time will end. Orwell creates a book where being different is illegal. ?In 1984 Orwell is trying to present the kind of world in which individuality has become obsolete and personality is a crime? (Howe 322). Imagine living in a society where if you expressed your own opinions or ideas you would be sent to a Ministry of Love where you would be tormented and corrupted. Living in Oceania doesn?t seem like an ideal lifestyle. In 1984 you see the Party kill Winston Smith?s individuality. ?Winston Smith, the hero of the novel, is shown arming himself with ideas against the Party and defying it by forming a sexual relationship with Julia: but from the first we know that he will not escape the

secret police, and after he is caught we see him undergoing a dreadful metamorphosis which burns out his human essence, leaving him a wreck who can go on living only by becoming on of them? (Rahv 313). It is sad that Winston can?t overcome the power of the Party. It seems all faith in a pleasant future will be stopped by the Party. 1984 ?s anti-utopian society is a horrible one. If the future is as dark as George Orwell portray, lets hope we have individuals that will fight for a better world. Anti-utopian novels open up peoples eyes about life and existence. Works Cited Howe, Irving ?The fiction of Anti-Utopia? 1984 (New York: Harcourt Brace Javonovich, Inc., 1982) Miller, Mark ?The Fate of 1984? Irving Howe. 1984 Revisited (New York: Harper and Row, Inc.,1983) Rahv, Phillip