1776 A Year Of Many Battles Essay

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1776: A Year Of Many Battles Essay, Research Paper 1776 was a year that will change America forever. Many battles were fought and many achievements were made. Many men gave their lives to fight for what they believed in. The Declaration of Independence On July 4 the Second Continental Congress approved the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Its purpose was to declare freedom and independence to the 13 American Colonies. The writing of this document is mostly credited to Thomas Jefferson. Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson were all signers, along with many others. The Declaration of Independence serves as one of America’s most treasured symbols because it identifies the moment when our nation was born. It announced the separation of

the thirteen colonies from England and the need for independence. Church bells rang out over Philadelphia on July 4, 1776 signaling that the Declaration of Independence was approved and officially adopted by the Continental Congress. A month earlier Congress had appointed a Committee of Five to draft a statement to the world presenting the colonies’ case for independence. The committee consisted of John Adams of Massachusetts, Roger Sherman of Connecticut, Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania, Robert R. Livingston of New York and Thomas Jefferson of Virginia. The committee assigned Jefferson the task of writing the original document. After Franklin and Adams made minor alterations, the document was submitted to Congress. The Crossing and Battle of Trenton On Christmas Eve night

Washington led his troops across the Delaware River on a surprise attack against the Hessian regiments and a troop of British soldiers stationed outside of Trenton. At six o?clock the troops marched nine miles north of Trenton. The 2,700 men began to cross through the harsh winter weather. The soldiers finally landed on the Jersey Bank on December 26 at three o?clock in the morning. The march began again about an hour later. Two miles beyond their landing Washington separated his army into two groups. General Greene accompanied by Washington was assigned 1,200 men and ten fieldpieces. Greene proceeded down the Pennington Road while General Sullivan and his 1,500 men marched down the River Road. When the two groups met again at Trenton they were able to take down the Hessians who

were up all night celebrating. With in an hour, the battle was over, 22 Hessians were dead, 98 were wounded and almost a thousand were being held prisoner. Nine hundred and eighteen prisoners, six brass cannons, forty horses, one thousand stands or arms and fifteen colors were captured. Only four Americans were wounded. The Battle of Long Island August 26 was the beginning of the Battle of Long Island. It began in the morning hours when the Americans fired on a few British soldiers. George Washington sent part of his small army to defend Brooklyn Heights, on Long Island. A few hours later 200-300 British Troops attacked the American?s. These attacks began the battle. The Americans were waiting to be attacked but the British had walked right passed them without even being

detected. The Hessians, who were on the British side, managed to attack the Americans along with the British. The Americans were defeated but fought well considering the unfair amount of troops on the British Side. An estimated 10,000 Americans were involved in the battle and 22,000 British and Hessians. 312 Americans were killed and 1,407 were wounded or captured while only 56 British troops were killed and 273 wounded or captured. Battle of Moore?s Creek Bridge The Tory council of war decided to attack at dawn on February 27, 1776. Lieutenant Colonel Donald McLeod took active command. At 1:00 A.M., they set out. Although they numbered 1,600, they had only 500 firearms. When they reached the bridge, they found empty entrenchments. The Rebels had withdrawn to the other side of