100 Years Of Solitude Essay Research Paper

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100 Years Of Solitude Essay, Research Paper 100 Years of Solitude Just as Edmund Spenser believes in ?the ever-whirling wheel of Change; that which all mortal things doth sway,? so too does Gabriel Garc?a M?rquez. In One Hundred Years of Solitude, Colonel Aureliano Buend?a experiences life and the changes which accompany it. Spenser views human life as a constant change from one stage to another. The change may be either good or bad; but one thing is certain, change is inevitable. Colonel Buend?a is a dynamic character who transforms from an idealistic leader into an increasingly cynical and corrupt man. Toward the end of his life, he isolates himself from the rest of the world. In the beginning of Aureliano?s career, he is an idealistic leader who is respected by his peers.

He leads an uprising of ?twenty-one men under the age of thirty, armed with table knives and sharpened tools? against the Conservatives occupying Macondo. He adamently disagrees with their form of government and begins the reform movement led by the anticlerical and democratic bourgeoisie. After the Liberal victory, Aureltio becomes ?Colonel Aureliano Buend?a.? Aureliano?s leadership parallels his father?s leadership of these young men?s fathers who helped him found the village of Macondo. Similarly, Aureliano commands respect from his subordinates and has enormous power over other men as well. After being captured by the enemy, Aureliano is not executed because the Conservative firing squad is only too happy to switch sides and follow him into the Liberal army. Colonel Aureliano

appears to be immortal and ubiquitous, returning triumphant, surviving numerous assassination attempts, and continuing to hold the loyalty of his friends. When his comrade in-arms and oldest friend, Colonel Gerineldo M?rquez, proposes marriage to Aureliano?s sister, Amaranta boldly rejects him because ?[Gerineldo] loves Aureliano so much [he] wants to marry [her] because [he] can?t marry [Aureliano].? The Colonel has great allegiance and affection from those below him. However, as Aureliano?s attitudes change, he loses their love and respect. After fighting many battles, Aureliano becomes increasingly cynical and corrupt. He comes to understand his own thoughts by writing out his experiences in verse. In this way, he comes to the terrible realization that ?[he] is fighting for

pride.? As for what Gerineldo calls the ?Great Liberal party,? Aureliano declares that it ?doesn?t mean anything to anybody? because the only difference between the Liberals and the Conservatives is the different hours that each party attends mass. Worse, he determines that his heroic struggle has simply been another Latin American power play. Likewise, Aureliano is a sell-out. He is easily persuaded to give up everything that he has gained for the Liberal cause: land reform, anticlericalism, and the ?aspiration for equality of rights between natural and legitimate children? for money from the Conservatives. The warfare is futile and has caused him to ?rot alive.? Power has gripped the Colonel, distorting his idealism and his values from his earlier days, when he thought it

important to redistribute lands and protect civilian lives. In the same way, he orders Gerineldo M?rquez executed because of a trivial matter. He then spends the night trying to break ?the hard shell of his solitude? in order to recover some compassion for others. What results, though, is not love, but a new burst of pride and power. He decides to end the civil war by force rather than negotiation. Aureliano?s cynicism and debauched view of the world lead to the final tragic stage of his life. In the latter part of his life, the once glorious Colonel Aureliano Buend?a isolates himself from the world around him. He does not have the capacity to love, and the fact that he has had sex with countless women, without ever learning their names or even waiting for daylight to see their